The phrase “electronic keyboard” describes any instrument which produces sound by the pressing or striking of keys, and uses electricity, somehow, to facilitate the roll-out of that sound. Using an electronic keyboard to generate music follows an unavoidable evolutionary line from the first musical keyboard instruments, the pipe organ, clavichord, and harpsichord. The pipe organ is the oldest of these, initially created by the Romans in the 3rd century B.C., and called the hydraulis. The hydraulis produced sound by forcing air through reed pipes, and was powered by means of a manual water pump or a natural water source such as a waterfall.
From it’s first manifestation in ancient Rome until the 14th century, the organ remained the only keyboard instrument. It often failed to come with a keyboard in any way, instead utilizing large levers or buttons that were operated by utilizing the whole hand.
The subsequent appearance of the clavichord and harpsichord inside the 1300’s was accelerated through the standardization from the 12-tone keyboard of white natural keys and black sharp/flat keys seen in all keyboard instruments these days. The recognition in the clavichord and harpsichord was eventually eclipsed through the development and widespread adoption of the piano within the 18th century. The recommended you read had been a revolutionary advancement in acoustic musical keyboards because a pianist could vary the quantity (or dynamics) from the sound the instrument made by varying the force that each key was struck.
The emergence of electronic sound technology inside the 18th century was the following essential element of the growth of the present day electronic keyboard. The very first electrified musical instrument was regarded as the Denis d’or (built by Vaclav Prokop Dovis), dating from about 1753. This is shortly then the “clavecin electrique” designed by Jean Baptiste Thillaie de Laborde around 1760. The first kind instrument was made up of over 700 strings temporarily electrified to enhance their sonic qualities. The later was actually a keyboard instrument featuring plectra, or picks, that have been activated electrically.
While being electrified, neither the Denis d’or or the clavecin used electricity being a sound source. In 1876, Elisha Gray invented such an instrument referred to as “musical telegraph.,” which was, essentially, the 1st analog electronic synthesizer. Gray learned that he could control sound from a self-vibrating electromagnetic circuit, therefore invented a basic single note oscillator. His musical telegraph created sounds through the electromagnetic oscillation of steel reeds and transmitted them over a telephone line. Grey proceeded to incorporate a basic loudspeaker into his later models which was comprised of a diaphragm vibrating in a magnetic field, making the tone oscillator audible.
Lee De Forrest, the self-styled “Father Of Radio,” was another major contributor to the creation of the electronic keyboard. In 1906 he invented the triode electronic valve or “audion valve.” The audion valve was the very first thermionic valve or “vacuum tube,” and De Forrest built the first vacuum tube instrument, the look at this web-site in 1915. The vacuum tube became a necessary element of electronic instruments for the next half a century until the emergence and widespread adoption of transistor technology.
The decade of the 1920’s brought an abundance of new electronic instruments to the scene like the Theremin, the Ondes Martenot, and the Trautonium.
The following major breakthrough in the history of electronic keyboards arrived in 1935 with the development of the Hammond Organ. The Hammond was the initial electronic instrument capable of producing polyphonic sounds, and remained so up until the invention in the Chamberlin Music Maker, and the Mellotron in the late 1940’s and early 1950’s. The Chamberlin and also the Mellotron were the first ever sample-playback keyboards intended for making music.
The electronic piano made it’s first appearance within the 1940’s using the “Pre-Piano” by Rhodes (later Fender Rhodes). This was a 3 and a half octave instrument created from 1946 until 1948 that came equipped with self-amplification. In 1955 the Wurlitzer Company debuted their first electric piano, “The 100.”
An upswing of music synthesizers in the 1960’s gave a powerful push towards the evolution from the electronic musical keyboards we have today. The initial synthesizers were extremely large, unwieldy machines used only in recording studios. The technological advancements and proliferation of miniaturized solid state components soon allowed producing synthesizers that have been self-contained, portable instruments competent at being used in live performances.
This began in 1964 when Bob Moog produced his “Moog Synthesizer.” Lacking a keyboard, the Moog Synthesizer was not truly an electronic keyboard. Then, in 1970, Moog debuted his “Minimoog,” a non-modular synthesizer using a built-in keyboard, and also this instrument further standardized the appearance of electronic musical keyboards.
Most early analog synthesizers, such as the Minimoog and also the Roland SH-100, were monophonic, competent at producing only one tone at any given time. A few, like the EML 101, ARP Odyssey, and the Moog Sonic Six, could produce two different tones simultaneously when two keys were pressed. True polyphony (the creation of multiple simultaneous tones which allow for that playing of chords) qhscvn only obtainable, at first, using electronic organ designs. There were several electronic keyboards produced which combined organ circuits with synthesizer processing. These included Moog’s Polymoog, Opus 3, as well as the ARP Omni.
By 1976, additional design advancements had allowed the appearance of polyphonic synthesizers such as the Oberheim Four-Voice, and also the Yamaha series CS-50, CS-60, and CS-80. The very first truly practical polyphonic synth, introduced in 1977, was the Sequential Circuits Prophet-5. This instrument was the first to utilize a microprocessor being a controller, and also allowed all knob settings to be saved in computer memory and recalled simply by pushing a button. The Prophet-5’s design soon took over as the new standard inside the electronic keyboards industry.
The adoption of Musical Instrumental Digital Interface (MIDI) as the standard for digital code transmission (allowing electronic keyboards to become connected into computers along with other devices for input and programming), and also the ongoing digital technological revolution have produced tremendous advancements in every aspects of top digital pianos, construction, function, audio quality, and price. Today’s manufactures, like Casio, Yamaha, Korg, Rolland, and Kurzweil, are actually producing an abundance of well-built, lightweight, versatile, great sounding, and affordable electronic keyboard musical instruments and will continue to do this well to the foreseeable future.